International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps <p><span style="color: darkblue;"><a title="International Journal of Fundamental Physical Science (IJFPS)" href="https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://fundamentaljournals.org/public/site/images/admin/homepageimage-en-us.jpg" alt="" width="1349" height="371" /></a>ISSN: 2231-8186</span><br /><span style="color: darkblue;">DOI: 10.14331/ijfps</span></p> <p><em>International Journal of Fundamental Physical Science (IJFPS)</em></p> <p><em><span style="color: red;">IJFPS (Int.J. Fundam. Phys. Sci )</span></em> is a multidisciplinary and quarterly open-accessjournal that publishing all accepted papers as an open-access journal. IJFPS, publishing original research and review papers in English covering all areas of fundamental physical sciences studies such as Applied Physics, Astronomy (theoretical and experimental), Astrophysics and Cosmology, Atmospheric physics, Atomic Physics, Biophysics, Chemistry, Civil, Earthquake, Engineering, and Technology, Fuzzy logic, General and Special Relativity, Geology, Geophysics, Gravitation, History of Astronomy, History of Mathematics, History of Physics, History of Sciences, Material sciences, Mathematical Physics, Mechanics, Nuclear Physics, Optics &amp; Lasers, Plasma Physics, Pure Mathematics, Quantum Mechanics, Radiation Physics, Remote sensing and GIS, Solid state physics, Spectroscopy, Theoretical Physics, Thermodynamics and more.</p> <p><strong>How to Submit Manuscript to IJFPS ?</strong></p> <p><strong><a title="Submission" href="https://fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/about/submissions" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Submit online</a></strong>and also send your manuscript to the following email address. <a style="background-color: #ffffff;" title="email for manuscript submission" href="mailto:fundamentaljournals@gmail.com">fundamentaljournals@gmail.com </a></p> <p>(All manuscript submited from <span style="color: red; text-decoration: underline;">arXiv</span> are free of charge to publish)</p> Fundamental Journals en-US International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences 2231-8186 Neoclassical Theory of Atoms https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/229 <p style="text-align: justify;">The "Neoclassical Theory of Atoms" challenges the dominance of quantum mechanics in explaining certain atomic phenomena. This work argues that a classical approach, utilizing electromagnetic Coulomb forces and Newtonian mechanics, can potentially account for discrete energy levels and spectral lines observed in hydrogen and helium atoms. It questions the necessity of invoking the seemingly counterintuitive aspects of quantum mechanics for these specific phenomena. By demonstrating the potential of a classical framework, this research aims to stimulate debate and exploration of alternative explanations within physics. This could potentially lead to a deeper understanding of the nature of reality and the limitations (or potential for expansion) of current physical theories.</p> Sudeer Punnery Copyright (c) 2024 Fundamental Journals https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/‎ 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 14 1 14 20 10.14331/ijfps.2024.330164 New Classical Relativistic Theory of a Charged Particle in an Electric Field https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/225 <p>A new relativistic theory of the classical motion of a charged particle in an electric field has been developed. The resulting equations characterize the kinematic and dynamic features of particle motion, demonstrating peculiar behavior in areas with high attractive potentials. This changes the existing paradigm for the interaction of charge with an electric field, entailing profound consequences. The new theory converges with the conventional theory of electricity under conditions of low potentials and nonrelativistic particle velocities. The possibility of experimental verification of the new theory is discussed.</p> Grigori.G. Karapetyan Copyright (c) 2024 Fundamental Journals https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/‎ 2024-03-20 2024-03-20 14 1 7 13 10.14331/ijfps.2024.330163 Generation of Waves in the Gravitational Field of the Universe https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/220 <p>The gravitational field naturally perturbs due to the wave (light, x-ray, infrared, etc.). The gravitational field encompasses everything. Wave formation, like to that of the natural world. In the natural world, when wood and plants burn, a chemical reaction produces CO<sub>2</sub>, CO, and other gases. During this chemical process, tiny particles (atoms, molecules, etc.) vibrate, and their vibrations get intense enough to cause the gravitational field to be disrupted. This kind of vibration creates waves in the surrounding gravitational field and propagates them forward with a specific initial power, wavelength, and amplitude.</p> Sankar Palchoudhury Copyright (c) 2023 Fundamental Journals https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/‎ 2023-12-26 2023-12-26 14 1 41 44 10.14331/ijfps.2023.330161 The Generation of Waves in the Gravitational Field of the Universe https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/219 <p>The gravitational field naturally perturbs due to the wave (light, x-ray, infrared, etc.). The gravitational field encompasses everything. Wave formation, like to that of the natural world. In the natural world, when wood and plants burn, a chemical reaction produces CO<sub>2</sub>, CO, and other gases. During this chemical process, tiny particles (atoms, molecules, etc.) vibrate, and their vibrations get intense enough to cause the gravitational field to be disrupted. This kind of vibration creates waves in the surrounding gravitational field and propagates them forward with a specific initial power, wavelength, and amplitude.</p> Sankar Palchoudhury Copyright (c) 14 1 Simulation-Driven Strategies for Improving Natural Ventilation in Educational Spaces: A Case Study of An Educational Building in Sari https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/217 <p>Any architectural space, especially the architecture of an educational complex, should provide comfort for human beings in the face of geographical and climatic characteristics. Climatic factors have always profoundly affected the formation of the physical environment of buildings. Energy demand has always been one of society’s most critical issues. Saving resources is one of the architectural design goals to achieve a suitable environment-friendly architecture. This architectural approach, which comes from the concepts of sustainable development, is one of the basic human needs in the current world due to its compatibility with the environment. The goal is to build constructions that can improve the climate, prevent the waste of energy consumption, and avoid the adverse effects of construction on the environment. In traditional Iranian architecture, there are numerous passive methods; natural ventilation is an essential part of Iranian conventional building design, which is being ignored today. Since humid and moderate climates have high relative humidity on most days of the year, one important goal is to move the stagnant moisture inside to establish a suitable thermal environment for occupants. The research method of the present study is descriptive-analytical, which has been experimented with according to library studies in addition to climate and meteorological data. Then, analysis of the data is provided by an energy simulator. It is concluded that the best orientation of the educational building is south, which can provide proper natural ventilation and solar heat gain. In other words, optimal interior air quality is achieved in this orientation.</p> Sina Tabibi Copyright (c) 2024 Sina Tabibi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 14 1 1 6 10.14331/ijfps.2024.330162 Universal Matter Synthesis and Management via Constructive Resonance: Pioneering Advancements in Physical Sciences and Applied Systems https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/216 <p style="text-align: justify;">Constructive resonance, a fundamental phenomenon observed across various scales, plays a pivotal role in both quantum and astrophysical realms. This study delves into the dynamic intricacies of constructive resonance, exploring its implications for matter creation and the origin of force-fields like gravity. It posits that constructive wave couplings between fundamental particles induce a resonant attractive force akin to gravity at the subatomic level, conserving energy within the system. We conceptualize space-time as an interconnected fabric encoding linear and non-linear patterns within an Information Field, revealing interactions between fundamental particles as 'Constructive Resonance Waves,' giving rise to the material universe. Cosmic Information (CI) is introduced as a fundamental basis vector, tied to the dimensions of space and time, culminating in a 5-D universe. This paper introduces a novel theoretical framework encompassing Constructive Resonance and the &nbsp;parametrically represented by to offer a dynamic perspective on fundamental forces. By integrating these concepts into existing theories, we unveil a fresh understanding of gravity, electromagnetism, and other forces. The RIIFF© framework, expressed as , elucidates how forces vary over time and space due to resonant interactions, providing a foundation for future research into the dynamic nature of the cosmos.</p> Sanjay Bhushan Copyright (c) 2023 Sanjay Bhushan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-10-10 2023-10-10 14 1 30 40 10.14331/ijfps.2023.330160 On the Physical Properties of G-Type Main ‎Sequence Stars https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/193 <p>This research focuses on the classification and properties of G-Type main sequence stars. It discusses the historical ‎development of star classification systems and their importance in understanding stellar evolution, composition, ‎and galactic structures. The paper also examines the mass-radius and mass-luminosity relationships of stars, ‎highlighting the strong positive correlations between mass and radius, as well as mass and luminosity. The findings ‎suggest that more massive stars tend to be larger and more luminous. However, further analysis is needed to explore ‎the underlying relationships between these variables.‎‎</p> Bijan Nikouravan Misha Nikouravan Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-06-30 2023-06-30 14 1 17 29 10.14331/ijfps.2023.330159 Reality of Schrödinger’s Cat https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/192 <p>The evidence that the probability interpretation is indispensable for the wave function has not been reasonably revealed since the early stages of quantum theory like the topic of Schrödinger’s cat has been discussed from various viewpoints. Recently the Schrödinger equation has reasonably derived from the diffusion equation in accordance with the causality for the Newton mechanics, regardless of the de Broglie’s hypothesis. In the derivation process, the problem of probability interpretation has been reasonably solved in relation to a wave function collapse, and moreover not only the evidence for a micro particle having a wave nature but also the evidence for validity of the de Broglie’s hypothesis itself has been theoretically revealed. Further, the other fundamental problems having been unsolved for a long time are also reasonably solved. For example, it is theoretically revealed that such a single composite particle as a cluster molecule has a wave nature when it is composed of atoms smaller than about 770 numbers.</p> Takahisa Okino Copyright (c) 2023 Fundamental Journals https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/‎ 2023-03-27 2023-03-27 14 1 10 16 10.14331/ijfps.2023.330158 The Reality of Schrödinger ’s Cat https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/191 <p>&nbsp;The evidence that the probability interpretation is indispensable for the wave function has not been reasonably revealed since the early stages of quantum theory like the topic of ’s cat has been discussed from various viewpoints. Recently the &nbsp;equation has reasonably derived from the diffusion equation in accordance with the causality for the Newton mechanics, regardless of the de Broglie’s hypothesis. In the derivation process, the problem of probability interpretation has been reasonably solved in relation to a wave function collapse, and moreover not only the evidence for a micro particle having a wave nature but also the evidence for validity of the de Broglie’s hypothesis itself has been theoretically revealed. Further, the other fundamental problems having been unsolved for a long time are also reasonably solved. For example, it is theoretically revealed that such a single composite particle as a cluster molecule has a wave nature when it is composed of atoms smaller than about 770 numbers.</p> Takahisa Okino Copyright (c) 14 1 Conversion of Waves Under Different Gravitational Field Intensity Area https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/189 <p>Natural disturbances in the gravitational field cause light, infrared, x-ray, and other waves. We define a complete wave as having two parts: a crest and a trough. A complete wave represents a single frequency. Every wave is initially powered at the source along with its wavelength and amplitude, which all vary with the gravitational field intensity in subsequent steps. A/λ has a significant impact on the wave's power. A gravitational wave is a converted wave, because of its changing power due to the changing intensity of the gravitational field.</p> Sankar Palchoudhury ‎ Copyright (c) 2023 Fundamental Journals https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/‎ 2023-03-15 2023-03-15 14 1 5 9 10.14331/ijfps.2023.330157 Irrefutable Proof of The Non-Existence of a ‎Gravitational ‎Singularity at The Centre of a ‎Black Hole https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/188 <p>Astronomical observations confirm that gravitational force decreases with the square of the distance. If the gravitational force in the centre of Sagittarius A* were close to infinity and would decrease with the square of the distance, our Milky Way could not exist as we observe it. This fact is irrefutable proof that there is no gravitational singularity in the centre of Sagittarius A* and in general, there is no gravitational singularity in the centre of a black hole.</p> Amrit Šorli Copyright (c) 2023 Fundamental Journals https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/‎ 2023-03-12 2023-03-12 14 1 1 4 10.14331/ijfps.2023.330156 The Conversion of waves under different gravitational field intensity area https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/187 <p>Natural disturbances in the gravitational field cause light, infrared, x-ray, and other waves. We define a complete wave as having two parts: a crest and a trough. A complete wave represents a single frequency. Every wave is initially powered at the source along with its wavelength and amplitude, which all vary with the gravitational field intensity in subsequent steps. A/λ has a significant impact on the wave's power. A gravitational wave is a converted wave, because of its changing power due to the changing intensity of the gravitational field.</p> Sankar Palchoudhury Copyright (c) 14 1 Irrefutable proof of the non-existence of a gravitational singularity at the centre of a black hole https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/186 <p>Astronomical observations confirm that gravitational force decreases with the square of the distance. If the gravitational force in the centre of Sagittarius A* were close to infinity and would decrease with the square of the distance, our Milky Way could not exist as we observe it. This fact is irrefutable proof that there is no gravitational singularity in the centre of Sagittarius A* and in general, there is no gravitational singularity in the centre of a black hole.</p> Amrit Šorli Copyright (c) 14 1 The Holographic Complexity on Extremal Branes with Exceptional Higher Derivative Interactions https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/185 <p>The philosophy of presented multiversum doctrina dominum article is related to the coloring of the<br>theoretical framework with respect to holographic complexity on extremal branes in exclusive higher-<br>dimensional representations. We examine holographic complexity in the doubly holographic model in-<br>troduced in the current literature to study quantum extremal islands. We focus on the holographic<br>complexity volume proposal for boundary subregions in the island phase. Exploiting the Fefferman-<br>Graham expansion of the metric and other geometric quantities near the extremal brane, we derive<br>the leading contributions to the complexity and interpret these in terms of the generalized volume of<br>the island derived from the induced higher-curvature gravity action on the extremal brane. We discuss<br>the interpretation of path integral optimization as a uniformization problem in even dimensions. This<br>perspective allows for a systematical construction of the higher-dimensional path integral complexity in<br>holographic conformal field theories in terms of Q-curvature actions. Motivated by the exceptional re-<br>sults, we propose a generalization of the higher-dimensional derivative actions of exotic extremal branes.</p> Boris Stoyanov Copyright (c) 14 1 The Extremal Nature of Membrane Newton-Cartan Formulations with Exotic Supergravity Theories https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/184 <p>We construct a non-relativistic limit of eleven and ten-dimensional supergravity theories from the point<br>of view of the fundamental symmetries, the higher-dimensional effective action, and the equations of<br>motion. This fundamental limit can only be realized in a supersymmetric way provided we impose<br>by hand a set of geometric constraints, invariant under all the symmetries of the non-relativistic the-<br>ory, that define a so-called Dilatation-invariant Superstring Newton-Cartan geometry and Membrane<br>Newton-Cartan expansion. In order to obtain a finite fundamental limit, the field strength of the<br>eleven-dimensional four-form is required to obey a transverse self-duality constraint, ultimately due to<br>the presence of the Chern-Simons term in eleven dimensions. The present research consider a non-<br>relativistic fundamental limit of the bosonic sector of eleven-dimensional supergravity, leading to a<br>theory based on a Covariant Membrane Newton-Cartan Supergeometry. We further show that the<br>Membrane Newton-Cartan theory can be embedded in the U-duality symmetric formulation of excep-<br>tional field theory, demonstrating that it shares the same exceptional Lie algebraic symmetries as the<br>relativistic supergravity, and providing an alternative derivation of the extra Poisson equation.</p> Boris Stoyanov Copyright (c) 14 1 The Extremal Higher Dimensional Constructions of Fundamental Brane–Antibrane Systems https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/183 <p>We calculate the extremal higher dimensional effective actions of fundamental brane-antibrane<br>systems elegantly presented in the theoretical framework of advanced membrane theory con-<br>structions. Detailed study of brane-antibrane systems reveals when brane separation is smaller<br>than the superstring length scale, spectrum of this system has different tachyonic modes and<br>interaction regimes in the moduli superspace. The higher dimensional effective actions should<br>then include these modes because they are the most important ones which rule the extremal<br>dynamics of the fundamental brane systems. In this regard, it has been shown that an effec-<br>tive action of Born-Infeld type proposed in the current literature can capture many properties<br>of the decay of non-BPS Dp-branes in superstring and membrane theory. The effective actions<br>of brane-antibrane systems in Types IIA and IIB superstring theories should be given by some<br>extension of the DBI action and the WZ terms which include the tachyon field configurations.<br>The DBI part may be given by the projection of the effective action of two non-BPS Dp-branes<br>in Type IIB theory. We are interested in this paper in the appearance of tachyon, gauge field and<br>the RR field in these extremal higher dimensional actions. Using the consistency of the present<br>constructions, we have also found the first higher derivative corrections to the exceptional part<br>of the extremal effective actions with brane-antibrane systems.</p> Boris Stoyanov Copyright (c) 14 1 The Second Order Term in the Linearized Theory of General ‎Relativity, Dark Matter and Related ‎Cosmological Mysteries https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/170 <p>The blackhole jets, Saturn ring, dark matter and GPB anomaly are generally considered unrelated physical mysteries that have no common causes that create them. In Newtonian mechanics, the center of mass of an object change only when there is an external force applied to the object. However, the longitudinally asymmetric and radially circular (LARC) rotating objects like cone, funnel, and hemisphere have a unique mechanical property of creating a finite shift of relativistic center of mass depending on the speed of the rotation due to the difference in the instant speed of the individual mass components of the object while in rotation (<a href="#_ENREF_9">Jeong, 1996</a>). This suggests that the LARC rotating object has a complex mechanical property that does not obey the conventional Newtonian mechanical principle. It turned out that in the weak field limit of general relativity there is a second order mathematical term that requires a finite shift of the center of mass to establish its physicality. This term was discarded as physically meaningless because spherical source does not develop a shift of the center of mass even in rotation due to the mathematical cancelation. It is shown that the relativistic shift of the center of mass from the rotating LARC object is the cause of the physically meaningful dipole gravity that reduces into Lense-Thirring force at the center of the rotating spherical shell. However, after careful examination we found out that the signs of Lense-Thirring forces were reversed and once the signs are corrected, dipole gravity predicts blackhole jets and the flat rotational velocity distribution curve which is the key evidence of the existence of the dark matter. We presented that the rings in Saturn, Jupiter, Neptune and Uranus, the GPB experimental anomaly are also the results of dipole gravity from the rotating spherical sources.</p> Eue Jin Jeong Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/‎ 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 14 1 62 69 10.14331/ijfps.2022.330155 A phenomenon in Einstein’s equivalence principle https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/168 <p>Albert Einstein assumed the equivalence principle which states that&nbsp;gravitational and inertial forces are of a similar nature and often indistinguishable. Also it asserts the&nbsp;equivalence of inertial mass and gravitational mass. Einstein assumed this for the formulation of his general relativity theory .In this letter, we logically analyse this principle.</p> Sennimalai Kalimuthu Copyright (c) 14 1 Femtosecond Spin Dynamics Mechanism In Graphenes: The Bloch NMR-Schrödinger Probe https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/167 <p>The mechanism of the femtosecond spin dynamics is still not properly understood. The remodeled Bloch-Schrödinger equation was incorporated into the Hamiltonian. The mechanism of the femtosecond dynamics was investigated under three quantum states. The spin relaxation mechanism operated in a single continuous time scale (&gt;70ps) which was in variance with known postulate. The transient reflectivity was measured to be within an angular range of 18.6o to 90.0o at a pulse range of 1MHz to 6.5 MHz. Beyond the pulse intensity of -2.5, the system elapsed into a quasi-equilibrium state which explains the independence of the magnetic moment on the pulse intensity. Different possibilities of the femtosecond spin dynamics were worked out for future study.</p> Moses E. Emetere Bijan Nikouravan Copyright (c) 2014 Fundamental Journals https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/‎ 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 14 1 105 110 10.14331/ijfps.2014.330073 Features of the Night-Time F-Region Currents Over Equatorial Africa (August, 2001) https://www.fundamentaljournals.org/index.php/ijfps/article/view/166 <p>In this paper, we present the features of the equatorial F-region current systems over equatorial Africa during nighttime on 05thAugust, 2001 observed at midnight. The observations have inferred from in situ CHAMP satellite measurements of the vector magnetic field. The magnitudes of the current along all the three magnetic field components of the Earth’s magnetic field varied considerably. The Bx-component recorded a diamagnetic effect of about 8nT, By-component recorded a current density of 5mA/m, and Bz-component reached a value of 3mA/m. The F-region dynamo, gravity dynamo and plasma-pressure gradients are the possible mechanisms for the occurrence of these currents. The signatures confined to the equatorial region bounded by the Appleton anomaly.</p> Copyright (c) 2014 Fundamental Journals https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/‎ 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 14 1 101 104 10.14331/ijfps.2014.330072